Real estate investing in Kenya has become an attractive investment opportunity for many individuals and institutions. However, investing in real estate can be a complex and risky venture, particularly for those without extensive experience in the market. One way to mitigate these risks is through real estate partnerships.

In this article, we will explore the benefits, drawbacks, and types of real estate partnerships in Kenya. We will also provide tips for finding the right real estate partner to help you achieve your investment goals.

What is a real estate partnership?

A real estate partnership is a business arrangement in which two or more parties come together to jointly invest in real estate. The parties can be individuals, companies, or other entities, and they pool their resources to acquire, develop, manage, or sell real estate assets.

Advantages/ Benefits of real estate partnership.

Real estate partnerships can offer several advantages or benefits to investors looking to enter the Kenyan real estate market, here is a list:

      i.         Reduced financial risk.

Real estate investments can be expensive, and the risks associated with these investments can be significant. By forming a partnership, investors can pool their resources, which reduces the financial risk for each partner.

    ii.         Access to more capital.

Real estate partnerships can provide access to more capital than an investor may be able to obtain on their own. With more capital, partners can invest in larger or more complex real estate projects that they may not have been able to pursue independently.

  iii.         Access to a wider range of investment opportunities.

Real estate partnerships can enable investors to access a wider range of investment opportunities, as partners may have different skill sets, expertise, and contacts in the industry.

  iv.         Shared expertise.

Real estate partnerships can bring together individuals with different skill sets and expertise, which can lead to more informed and strategic decision-making.

    v.         Shared expenses.

Real estate partnerships can help to reduce expenses associated with real estate investments. For example, partners can share the cost of property maintenance, management, and marketing.

  vi.         Tax benefits.

Real estate partnerships can offer tax benefits to investors. For example, in Kenya, investors in real estate investment trusts (REITs) can receive tax advantages, including exemptions from the capital gains tax, if they invest through a partnership structure.

vii.         Flexibility.

Real estate partnerships can be structured in many different ways, allowing investors to choose the partnership structure that best fits their goals and circumstances.

Disadvantages of entering into a real estate partnership.

While real estate partnerships offer several benefits, there are also some potential disadvantages or drawbacks that investors should consider before entering into a partnership:

      i.         Conflict.

Partners may have different opinions on how to manage the real estate investment, which can lead to disagreements and conflicts that can impact the success of the partnership.

    ii.         Shared liability.

Partners in a partnership share both profits and losses. This means that if the investment does not perform well, each partner is responsible for a share of the loss.

  iii.         Limited control.

In a partnership, decisions must be made by consensus, which can limit the control that each partner has over the investment.

  iv.         Trust and compatibility.

A successful real estate partnership requires a high level of trust and compatibility between partners. If the partners have different investment goals or styles, or if they do not trust each other, the partnership may not be successful.

    v.         Legal complexities.

Real estate partnerships can be complex and require careful legal documentation. If the partnership agreement is not carefully drafted or if there are disputes, legal costs can quickly add up.

  vi.         Sharing profits.

In a partnership, profits are shared between partners. While this can be a benefit in some cases, it can also mean that each partner receives a smaller portion of the profits than they would if they invested alone.

vii.         Limited exit options.

Exiting a partnership can be difficult and can require the agreement of all partners. This can limit the flexibility of investors who may need to sell their share of the investment in the future.

Investors should carefully consider these potential drawbacks before entering into a partnership. It’s important to choose the right partners, have a clear partnership agreement, and carefully consider the risks and rewards of the investment.

Types of real estate partnerships

There are several types of real estate partnerships that investors can consider when entering the Kenyan real estate market. Here are some of the most common partnership structures:

      i.         Joint Ventures.

A joint venture is a partnership between two or more parties who come together to pursue a specific real estate project or investment. Each party contributes capital, expertise, or other resources to the venture, and profits and losses are shared according to the terms of the partnership agreement.

    ii.         Limited Partnerships.

A limited partnership is a partnership between at least one general partner and one or more limited partners. The general partner manages the investment and has unlimited liability, while the limited partners contribute capital but have limited liability.

  iii.         General Partnerships.

In a general partnership, each partner has equal control over the investment and shares in the profits and losses. Each partner is also personally liable for the debts and obligations of the partnership.

  iv.         Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs).

A REIT is a type of investment fund that owns, operates, or finances income-producing real estate properties. Investors can purchase shares in a REIT, which provides them with a stake in the underlying real estate assets.

    v.         Real Estate Crowdfunding.

Real estate crowdfunding is a relatively new form of partnership in which multiple investors pool their resources to invest in a real estate project. The crowdfunding platform typically manages the investment and handles the distribution of profits.

Each of these partnership structures has its own advantages and disadvantages, and investors should carefully consider which type of partnership is best suited to their investment goals, financial situation, and risk tolerance. It’s important to consult with legal and financial professionals to ensure that the partnership agreement is carefully drafted and that all parties understand their roles and responsibilities.

Factors to Consider When Forming a Real Estate Partnership

When forming a real estate partnership in Kenya, there are several factors that investors should consider to ensure a successful and profitable venture. Here are some key factors to keep in mind.

      i.         Investment goals.

Before forming a partnership, investors should have a clear understanding of their investment goals. This includes factors such as the type of real estate investment they are interested in, the target return on investment, and the investment timeline.

    ii.         Partner selection.

Choosing the right partners is crucial for the success of the partnership. Partners should have complementary skills, similar investment goals, and a shared vision for the project. It’s also important to conduct due diligence on potential partners to ensure that they have a strong track record and a reputation for integrity.

  iii.         Partnership structure.

The partnership structure should be carefully considered to ensure that it aligns with the investment goals of each partner. This includes factors such as the distribution of profits and losses, the management of the investment, and the allocation of decision-making authority.

  iv.         Legal documentation.

It’s important to work with legal professionals to draft a partnership agreement that clearly outlines the rights and responsibilities of each partner. The agreement should cover issues such as profit sharing, decision-making authority, and dispute resolution.

    v.         Risk management.

Real estate investments can be risky, so it’s important to have a plan in place to manage and mitigate risk. This includes conducting thorough due diligence on potential investment properties, developing a detailed business plan, and maintaining adequate insurance coverage.

  vi.         Financing.

Real estate investments can be capital-intensive, so it’s important to have a solid financing plan in place. This includes determining the amount of capital needed, identifying potential sources of financing, and ensuring that each partner has a clear understanding of their financial obligations.

vii.         Management structure.

Before forming a real estate partnership, investors should consider the management structure of the partnership, including who will be responsible for making key decisions, how daily operations will be managed, and how conflicts will be resolved.

viii.         Allocation of profits and losses.

Investors should consider how profits and losses will be allocated among partners. This includes determining the percentage of profits each partner will receive, as well as the distribution of losses in the event of a downturn in the market.

  ix.         Dispute resolution mechanisms.

Investors should consider how disputes between partners will be resolved, including the use of arbitration or mediation to resolve conflicts.

    x.         Task division.

Investors should consider how tasks and responsibilities will be divided among partners, including who will be responsible for finding and evaluating properties, managing daily operations, and making key decisions.

  xi.         Exit strategies

Investors should consider how they will exit the partnership if necessary, including the development of clear exit strategies and the establishment of buyout mechanisms. This can help to reduce the risk of conflict and ensure a smooth transition if one partner decides to leave the partnership.

Tips on finding the right real estate partner

Finding the right real estate partner in Kenya can be a challenging task, but here are some tips to help you make an informed decision:

      i.         Do your research.

Conduct thorough research to identify potential partners that have a good reputation in the market. This includes reviewing their portfolio, online reviews, and seeking recommendations from industry experts.

    ii.         Check for compatibility.

Look for partners who share your vision and investment goals. Ensure that the partner has a compatible investment strategy, investment timeline, and risk appetite.

  iii.         Assess their experience.

Look for partners with extensive experience in real estate investing in Kenya. Experience in the local market can be a valuable asset, particularly when it comes to identifying lucrative investment opportunities.

  iv.         Look for complementary skills.

Partners should bring complementary skills to the table. Look for partners who have skills that complement your own, such as financing, property management, and legal expertise.

    v.         Check for financial stability.

It is important to assess your partner’s financial stability to ensure they can contribute their fair share of capital to the partnership.

 vi.    Have a clear understanding of their values.

Ensure that the partner shares the same values as you do, including integrity, honesty, and transparency.

  vii.         Seek legal advice.

Get professional legal advice to help you draft a clear partnership agreement that outlines the roles and responsibilities of each partner. A partnership agreement should also cover issues such as decision-making authority, profit-sharing, and dispute resolution.

viii.         Establish communication protocols.

Set clear communication protocols with your partner to ensure that everyone is on the same page. Ensure that there are regular communication and reporting mechanisms in place.


Real estate partnerships can be a powerful tool for investors looking to maximize their returns and minimize their risks in the Kenyan real estate market. By partnering with the right individual or institution, investors can gain access to new opportunities, expertise, and capital, while also sharing the risks and responsibilities of real estate investing. However, before entering into a partnership, it is important to carefully consider the benefits and drawbacks, as well as the types of partnerships available, and take steps to find the right partner.

We hope this article has provided valuable insights into real estate partnerships in Kenya and helped you make an informed decision about your real estate investment strategy. If you want to stay up-to-date on the latest trends and insights in the Kenyan real estate market, we encourage you to consider subscribing to our email list for informative articles, news, and updates. Thank you for reading.